Weight Loss Surgery Options

When considering weight loss surgery, it is important to discuss all options with your surgeon. An informed discussion about the long-term results with weight loss, the potential complications and the necessary follow-up is critical to making the right decision. 

Bariatric surgery is recognized by the National Institutes of Health for the treatment of severe obesity. The three most common procedures are Roux-en-Y gastric bypass, sleeve gastrectomy and the Lap-Band® procedure.

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Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass

In Roux-en-Y gastric bypass surgery, a small stomach pouch is created, and then connected to a shorter length of the small intestine. This procedure helps you lose weight in two ways:

  • The smaller pouch encourages you to eat smaller portions.
  • The shorter length of the intestine changes absorption.

 

Sleeve Gastrectomy

Another surgery option is a sleeve gastrectomy. This surgery removes approximately 75 to 85 percent of the stomach, leaving behind a smaller, tube-shaped stomach or “sleeve.” The new smaller stomach significantly restricts the volume of food that can be consumed and also helps control hunger.

  

 

 

  

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Lap-Band®

Another option for weight loss surgery is the Lap-Band® procedure. The procedure involves the placement of an inflatable ring around the upper stomach, which restricts what you can eat and helps control hunger. The inflatable ring is connected to a port that is placed under the skin. The port is filled with saline to adjust the tightness of the ring around the stomach.

  

 

Minimally Invasive Surgery

Roux-en-Y gastric bypass, sleeve gastrectomy and the Lap-Band® procedures can be done using laparoscopy. Laparoscopy refers to the minimally invasive surgical technique that is performed through a few small incisions in the abdomen.

With laparoscopy, you have a shorter recovery time and can return to normal activities sooner. Laparoscopy also significantly reduces wound complications including infections, hernias and wound re-openings. Other advantages include less pain after surgery and a shorter hospital stay.

Please note: Not all patients are candidates for laparoscopy and may require a traditional, open procedure.

 

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